Get help today with your criminal injuries claim
What is the CICA?
The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) was set up in 1996 to provide compensation to blameless victims of crime.
Funded by the Ministry of Justice using taxpayers’ money, the CICA can award settlements from £1,000 up to a maximum of £500,000.
The Government-run scheme aims to help people who’ve been mentally or physically injured as the result of a crime of violence.
An application can often be successfully made even if no-one has been identified, caught or convicted for the crime.
Claims can only be made in England, Scotland and Wales. Northern Ireland has its own scheme.
There are two main types of CICA claims:
- Assault claims: You can pursue a case for any incident which causes physical or psychological injury.
- Sexual assault claims: This can be any instance where sexual contact has taken place without consent – as long as the allegations have been reported to the police.
You may be able to make claim through the CICA if you were:
- The victim of a violent crime or assault.
- Not to blame in any way for the incident.
- Injured when taking reasonable steps to stop or prevent a crime.
- Psychologically damaged by seeing a loved one be a victim of violent crime.
For a CICA claim to be lodged successfully, you must:
- Report the incident to the police.
- Obtain a police reference number.
- Co-operate fully with any investigation.
Victims of crime can be awarded a settlement for:
- Injury payments
- Special expenses including cost of care and adaptation of accommodation
- Loss of earnings
- Fatal payments including bereavement payments, child dependency payments, family dependency payments and funeral costs.
The amount of compensation is based on a tariff system and relates directly to the nature of the different physical and psychological injuries suffered.
Usually, the amount awarded depends on the severity of the injury – with payments ranging from £1,000 to £500,000.
However, your injuries must be serious enough to merit the CICA’s minimum £1,000 pay out to make a claim.
Relatives may be able to make a CICA claim if a loved one dies as a result of a violent crime.
The people who can claim are:
- A spouse or partner
- Natural or adoptive parents
- A parental guardian
- A victim’s children or step-children
An application for compensation may be refused due to any of the following:
- Your injuries not being deemed serious enough to warrant compensation, according to the CICA scheme’s tariff.
- The CICA believing you provoked or willingly participated in an incident.
- Your behaviour before, during or after the incident in which you were injured.
- Having a criminal conviction or a previous record of violence.
- Your failure to co-operate with the police or CICA investigation.
- Failing to make your claim within the standard two-year time limit after the crime is reported to the police.
- Your injury happening before 1 August 1964 – prior to scheme being set up.
- You’ve already applied for an award for the same injury under the CICA Scheme.
- The injury and the act of violence took place outside England, Scotland or Wales.
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